How to fix fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory?

Better Stack Team
Updated on October 5, 2023

This error typically occurs when the development headers for Python are not installed on your system. To fix this error, you need to install the python-dev package, which contains the necessary headers.

On Ubuntu or Debian:

sudo apt-get install python-dev

On CentOS or Red Hat:

sudo yum install python-devel

On Windows: You need to install the Visual C++ Build Tools and then install the python development package using pip

pip install --upgrade setuptools
pip install --upgrade wheel
pip install --upgrade python-dev

Once you have installed the development headers, you should be able to run your script without encountering the fatal error.

Make your mark

Join the writer's program

Are you a developer and love writing and sharing your knowledge with the world? Join our guest writing program and get paid for writing amazing technical guides. We'll get them to the right readers that will appreciate them.

Write for us
Writer of the month
Marin Bezhanov
Marin is a software engineer and architect with a broad range of experience working...
Build on top of Better Stack

Write a script, app or project on top of Better Stack and share it with the world. Make a public repository and share it with us at our email.

or submit a pull request and help us build better products for everyone.

See the full list of amazing projects on github